Dear readers,

Following are links to a
preprint of my article,

The dynamic soaring of salmon,
How salmon gain upstream thrust from pressure gradients and extract energy from velocity shears. Plus other strategies for upstream energy minimization.

Article link:

Feedback: I’ll appreciate your feedback, including general comments, suggested edits, theoretical and historical corrections or additions, with cites where appropriate, of course. I’d much rather make corrections before the paper is cast in stone, that is, published in a journal. Feedback may be sent to Philip Randolph Patten at

Please feel free to forward the article link, including to persons in the scientific or media communities.

- Philip Randolph Patten

Licensing: Copyright is held by the author, Philip Randolph Patten, who retains all publication rights.

Link via ORCID:

Versions of B2Streamlines Preprint articles are ordered by date and then title, e.g., 20200829SalmonNav.pdf

Older versions: